E-Government in China Soon to Be a Reality


 E-Government in China Soon to Be a Reality

As the world adapts to advances in information technology and services, there's one thing that China has proven it knows how to do: Lead the way. The government is currently leading a project named “e-Government” which will usher in a new era of transparency, accountability, and service efficiency.

The project is set to commence this month and run until 2018. E-government will cut down on paperwork by providing everyone with electronic versions of policies, regulations, and other important documents. For example, if someone can show their ID via e-government regardless of whether it is at home or abroad, checking for document authenticity becomes much easier for the government officials who need them to approve applications for private companies or individuals.

The government is planning to implement smart technologies, such as electronic IDs and electronic signatures, to ensure that people have a more convenient way of accessing the important data.

Already, Shanghai has installed modern surveillance systems and CCTV cameras in an effort to maintain public safety. The system also has a background check feature that can verify the validity of documents like passports by checking data from the national population registry. This will enable the government to better monitor illegal activities like selling fake ID or selling fake diplomas in order to catch trail-blazers or subversives who try to get away with it. The system will also integrate with facial recognition technology.

In the future, the government plans to use digital ID cards for all e-government related interactions. It will be mandatory that people register their fingerprints and DNA when they apply for a residence permit and national ID card through e-government.

With severe penalties if someone violates any law, enforcing strict privacy protection has become a top priority for the government. The privacy policy will put into effect an “opt-in” system which requires people's explicit consent before their personal data can be collected and used by the government. To ensure that this is an effective system, the draft privacy law requires companies to obtain consent from consumers every 5 years in order to continue using personal data in services like marketing and advertising.

So far, the government has worked with several of its departments to come up with a consensus on certain important aspects of e-government. They have also completed an electronic governance action plan and have found ways to identify gaps in their current system that need to be addressed by technology.

With this project, it is clear that the government is planning ahead in order to effectively modernize themselves. Whether these changes will actually make a difference or if it will improve people's lives remains to be seen. But no doubt about it; China is certainly committed to implementing e-government for their citizens and the world to see.

Title: E-Government in China Soon to Be a Reality
Source: http://time.com/4295479/china-e-government/
</div> The Chinese Government will soon implement a joint national identification card system to ease the process of providing ID to citizens, according to a report by state-run Xinhua News Agency. A pilot project will be launched on January 1, 2016, with all urban and rural residents required to be issued an electronic identification card by 2018. If the new system goes well and is approved across China, citizens could expect biometric data and fingerprints to be stored on identity cards for purposes including travel and employment. One of the goals of the e-Government Action Plan, which is part of China's Twelfth Five Year Plan (2016-2020), is to improve the process behind providing identification and other official documents. To achieve this, more than 30 departments, including the police and public security organs, will be integrated into an online network so that one agency can share their databases with others. Meanwhile, provincial governments have been asked to launch a pilot program for online document approval and electronic payment by 2017. The e-Government project aims to improve industrial services by adopting technology such as big data management, cloud computing and Internet of Things (IoT). The plan also includes increasing the greening of government and computerizing all publicly run services through the use of IoT, including public roads, traffic lights, and community services. China's Ministry of Public Security will also collaborate with provincial police departments to create a system for real-time monitoring and information sharing. This project follows on from previous initiatives by China to implement a national ID card. The country's first national ID card was issued in 2000 to provide every citizen with legal identification. However, this system was criticized by internet users amid claims that there were security issues when it came to personal data being transferred between agencies. This criticism is something that the new joint national ID card is hoping to address through collaboration between state agencies. https://www.coindesk.com/china-aims-to-go-e_government/@10:06 AM - 8 Jan 2016

Illustrative example of provision of digital identity:<br>
http://pacenet.cnifc.nic. in/<br>

https://en.wikipedia .org/wiki/E-Government#Hong_Kong

Conclusion :<br>

From the above we can conclude that :<br>
1. E-Government is not just limited to the government organizations but it extends to citizens, business and even other government agencies. <br>
2. E-Government is not only limited to top priority services like passport, tax etc. but includes wider spectrum of services like renting of land, obtaining driving license etc.<br>
3. E-Government is a cross platform concept where all available media are used to provide information at user level.<br>
4. In order to make e-government a success, integration of existing offline and online services and data management is very important...

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